Top 10 for 10 years: lectures
Friends, we continue to make materials for the decade of our portal. We are not only a charitable foundation and not just a huge media library: we also produce articles, lectures and audio books ourselves. For the jubilee, we decided to introduce you to those of our materials that you especially liked or resonated with. Top articles and audiobooks already done. Today – lectures.
10. "Fasting in the Bible and with us." A. Desnitsky
In biblical times, people also fasted, and the Scripture gives us many such examples. But do not think that on fasting days they meticulously examined the list of ingredients on the packaging of cookies: there were no cookies or packaging – but most importantly, the concept of fasting was different. Which exactly? How do our concepts of fasting differ from biblical?
There are many food restrictions in the Bible that are not related to fasting: there are no jerboas and other animals “with undivided hooves”, “do not boil a kid in his mother’s milk” … Have they retained their relevance to Christians in any sense? And if not, then why do we still read about them in this main book for every Christian?
9. "To help the worshiper: the service of the Holy Week." I. Krasovitsky
The lecture will help to understand what is happening in the temple in the last week before Easter, how the Church prepares us for this holiday, unfolding before us the events of the last days of the Savior's life.
Holy Week is a special time in the life of the Church. Each day is unique: it has its own theme, its own chants and specially selected readings from the Old and New Testaments.
The charter of the Church, as we know it now, has taken shape for a thousand years, and it is not easy to figure it out on our own. We need someone who will tell you what is important in each day, what to look for, what to think about, what to prepare yourself for.
Ilya Alexandrovich Krasovitsky, a regent with many years of experience, a teacher of liturgics from St. Tikhon University, will tell about this. The lecture will be useful both to those who are only getting acquainted with Orthodox worship, and those who have long been in the Church.
Here is what will be in the lecture:
– general features of the Passion Services. What is common and how are Passionate and Lenten services different? What is the content of each day's memories?
– Liturgy in the days of Holy Week. On what day and at what time what Liturgy is celebrated and why?
– A story about every day of the week from Monday to Saturday. The meaning of the day, what services are served on that day, the main readings and chants.
8. "Two in one flesh: the theology of intimate life." Yu. Belanovsky
Despite hundreds of written articles, lectures and books published, despite kilometers of comments on forums and social networks, they continue to discuss the issue of marital relations.
Ordinary people in their daily lives have many questions, doubts and worries. We will try to discuss some of these issues, starting from the starting point – that idea of the intimate life that we find in the Holy Scriptures and Traditions of the Church.
Why did God create sex? How did He conceive the relationship of man and woman in marriage in terms of body? Are there any grounds for the idea of "innate polygamy" of men? What do the words of the apostle mean “a wife does not have power over her body, but a husband”? Why abstinence? How and by whom can questions about marital fasting be resolved?
Along the way, we will discuss a number of practical questions: is contraception a sin? What is the reason for the prohibition of the Orthodox Church on sexual relations before marriage? Is there a church divorce? Is there any reason for the frequent prohibition of sex during pregnancy and lactation?
7. "Great Lent: history and modern church practice." I. Krasovitsky
For many, Lent, and especially its worship, remains something incomprehensible, complex and tiring. Meanwhile, the feast of Easter and the Lent preceding it is the most important time of the church year. This is the main thing that happens in the life of every church community and what should be the main thing for every Orthodox person. In this lecture, we will try to explain why the post and its worship are exactly how they arose and what ideas underlie them.
1. The meaning and origin of Lent
2. The structure of Lent
3. Liturgy during Lent
4. Sunday Themes
5. The device of weekdays Lent
6. Lent today: established practice and challenges
Ilya Alexandrovich Krasovitsky, deputy head of the department of liturgical theology of the Orthodox St. Tikhon Humanitarian University, a church regent with extensive experience, a recognized expert in Orthodox worship, talks about Lent.
6. "Typical errors of interpreters and errors of perception of the biblical text." A. Desnitsky
We always read the Bible in translation, interpretation. Even referring to the original, we rely on the understanding of those people who compiled dictionaries of these languages for us, came up with interpretations, wrote comments …
How can we be sure that the meanings that are translated into the text by the translator, commentator, preacher or theologian are actually present in the text? Maybe this is his own reconstruction? Perhaps he grabs from the biblical text only that which corresponds to his own ideas?
The simplest example: according to the Synodal translation, David, taking the capital of the Ammonites, subjected them to fierce executions: burned in furnaces, sawed with saws … but if you look at the original, it turns out that this is a completely arbitrary interpretation of the translators.
Where do all these strange ideas come from and how can I test them at least as a first approximation?
5. "When the family is not in joy." M. and E. Burmistrov
We remember how the family was joy, support and almost the meaning of life. We keep each of these days in our hearts: the wedding, the news of the pregnancy, the birth of the firstborn, his first steps and words … Why now, instead of joy, longing, and instead of the desire to take care of a spouse and children, a sense of duty and guilt? How to return to the family the former joy? How to understand at what point everything went wrong and fix the error?
We will try to reflect on these and other questions about family happiness at a meeting with the spouses Burmistrov, parents of 11 children: Mikhail – a teacher of philosophy and Ekaterina – a family psychologist, author of books on the development of children.
4. "The canon of Andrei of Crete: we read, reflect, learn to understand." Priest Alexey Agapov
One of the characteristic features of Lent is a very special worship, unforgettable prayers and chants that renew a person’s aspiration for God, awaken in him the memory of Heavenly Fatherland.
A special place in the series of these texts is occupied by the Great Penitential Canon of Andrei of Crete, which is sung (or chantingly read?) From Monday to Thursday in the first week of fasting. This is a very long prayerful meditation – the search for a lost, like a biblical coin, living heart – and a place in it for the Living God.
Listening to the canon again, we will not find any new information. Here food from the Bible and woeful sighs from the very depths of the heart, turned by the author to his own soul, serve as food for thought.
Canon is not easy to hear. Revolutions of high Greek poetry translated into Church Slavonic are unusual for the ear, and not all biblical subjects are familiar. Attention inevitably flies away. We need a guide who would help to get through all the difficulties to a clear and high meaning, without losing the beauty of the text and the penitential mood along the way.
In this lecture, in anticipation of the post, we will talk about the origin and circumstances of the writing of the Great Canon, its place in worship, we read and reflect on the most complex and interesting elements of this amazing poetic work. The host of the meeting is the rector of the Mikhailo-Arkhangelsk Church in Zhukovsky, Moscow Region, philologist, priest Alexey Agapov.
3. "Where is the joy of Christ ?!" Orthodox "neuroses" and psychological substitutions. " M. Filonik
“I’m doing everything right, but there’s no joy, even at Easter”, “sometimes I am ashamed to go to God – people like me cannot be forgiven”, “I served 40 prayers, but he died anyway”, “I keep everything, but there’s little sense – probably "God does not hear me, does not love me, He does not care about me."
A person comes to the Church and begins a pious life: observes fasts, goes to services, and embarks on the Sacraments. But it happens that behind all this he never meets the Living God. When the first inspiration passes, it becomes obvious that fasting and prayer alone do not bring joy. He is angry and discouraged, and it is even more difficult for those close to him than before he came to the temple.
About the psychological mechanisms that prevent meeting with Christ, and some distortions of religious experience will tell Marina Filonik – a psychologist, psychotherapist, researcher at the Federal Institute for the Development of Education.
2. "Psychological manipulations in the Church – how to recognize and what to do." N. Skuratovskaya
“We all work here for the glory of God!”, “Are you going to argue with a blessing ?!”, “Where is your humility?” … Psychological manipulations in the Church are not uncommon. And they beat painfully – because people expect from the Church sincerity and support.
After the collision with manipulation, some are disappointed in the Church as such. Others put up with the need to constantly sacrifice their interests and experience an imposed sense of guilt. And someone masters manipulative techniques as the “norm of church life" and begins to apply them himself.
But there is another way – to timely recognize manipulations and adequately resist them, without provoking conflicts. This is what our meeting will be dedicated to:
– what manipulations are especially typical of the Orthodox environment,
– how to deal with them less when working in the Church and in spiritual feeding,
– what causes a person to manipulate behavior,
– that these reasons can be opposed,
– what our features make us a convenient victim of manipulation.
1. A series of lectures "Psalmotherapy". Priest Alexey Agapov
How to receive effective spiritual help from the Psalms – Book of Praise? The easiest way is to research the technique of the word in the text. You need to deeply observe and experience how the psalmist writer expresses this extraordinary joy — through translators — through new translators — and through powerless editors — to the New Psalmist today — and to those who hear the psalms through him, through the prism of his perception, through his voice .
When the perception of hearing is harmoniously rebuilt in harmony, then peace comes, and the heart begins to sound like joy, like a divine harp. Psalmotherapy is an original method of reading and psalms in their application to the realities of the inner world of today's reader.
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