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Thy kingdom come

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Thy kingdom come

This is the fifth issue of the Lord's Prayer newsletter. It is dedicated to reflecting on the request for the coming of the Kingdom of God. Join our reflection. If you have half an hour free, prepare for it.

Get ready

Be silent for a minute or two so that, as stated in the prayer book, to calm all your feelings and tune in to prayer and reading the Scriptures. Do not switch between the tabs, do not go to the social network and do not think about business. Do not be distracted by anything.


In Church Slavonic

Lord Jesus Christ, open your ears, hear your word, and understand and do your will, as a stranger am upon the earth: not a scorn of your commandments, but my eyes open, that I may understand the wonders of your law; tell me the unknown and the secret of thy wisdom. I hope in Thee, O my God, yes, enlighten the mind and sense with the light of your mind not only written in honor, but I also create, but I cannot read the saints of life and words to myself, but in the update, and the enlightenment, and the shrine, and the salvation of the soul, and the inheritance of life everlasting. Yako thou art enlighten those who lie in darkness and from You is every gift of good and every gift is perfect. Amen.

In Russian

Lord Jesus Christ, open to me my heart’s ears, so that I, having heard Your Word, enlightened it, and fulfilled Your will, because I am a stranger on earth. Do not hide your commandments from me, but open my eyes, so that I may understand (a) miracles from your law. Tell me your unknown and secret wisdom. I trust in You, my God, and I believe that You will enlighten my mind and meaning with the light of the knowledge of You, and that then I will not only read what is written, but also fulfill it. Make me not in sin to myself. Your Word read (a), but in renewal and in enlightenment, and in the shrine, and in the salvation of the soul, and in the inheritance of eternal life. For You, Lord, are those who lie in darkness, and from You are every good gift and every perfect gift. Amen.

Keep silent for a minute.

Read the Lord’s Prayer

9 Pray thus: Our Father in heaven! hallowed be thy name;
10 Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven;
11 Give us this day our daily bread.
12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.
13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. For yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.
(Mat.6: 9-13)

Slowly re-read the second petition: Thy kingdom come, and think about these words for two or three minutes. You can just slowly repeat them out loud or to yourself, focusing on their meaning. If you have any thoughts or questions, write them down.

Answer the questions:

What do you mean by the kingdom of God?
Why does Christ command us to pray for his coming?

Background information from the book of Fr. Alexander Sorokin, Christ and the Church in the New Testament

Christ proclaimed the gospel in terms of the coming of the Kingdom (or Kingdom) of God, in connection with which he called upon the people of Israel to turn (repent). It is all of Israel, that is, the whole people of God, and not of individuals. The concept of “the kingdom of God,” or “the kingdom of heaven” in the Judeo-Christian Gospel of Matthew to avoid the use of the name of God, contains a more dynamic than spatial aspect (108). This refers to the reign or rule of God as king (109), and not the kingdom as a territory, although spatial images are also used in the Gospel.

God originally – the king of the universe. His reign, the Kingdom is continually renewed, He reigns (cf. the Psalms of the accession of God, eg, Ps. 21, 29; Ps. 92). In the Old Testament, this occurs primarily in the environment that God specifically chooses — among the people of Israel. But the rebellious and fallen from God creation deviated from His righteous ways and fell under the power of Satan and sin. And Israel is also torn between the election of God and the falling away from Him. But God, faithful to His promises and prophecies, addresses His call to the fallen creature and gathers again the dispersed people of God. Here Christ collects Israel (see § 12. 4).

Here two aspects should be distinguished: the real and the eschatological. On the one hand, Israel, the new one, assembled by Jesus instead of the old, continues to remain the people of God. That is, the people in whom God reigns already, now. In this sense, the Kingdom of God is here (approached) and now. This topic is particularly clearly present in the Gospel of Matthew (on the relationship between the Church and the Kingdom of God in the Gospel of Matthew, see § 43. 4). Still, the complete and final accession of God is the expectation of an eschatological future (113). The petition from the prayer of the Lord, "Thy kingdom come," along with the statement that the kingdom of God is already coming, says that Jesus also took these two aspects into account in his sermon.

And although the Kingdom of God is the main thing that Jesus proclaims, nevertheless He speaks of God as a distant, authoritative and merciless king in His judgment only in some parables. Whereas the main thing that He proclaims about God is that He is a loving Father rejoicing in the return of His prodigal children (see, for example, the parable of the prodigal son, Luke 15, 11-32) (114).

There was another side. Waiting for the imminent onset of the kingdom of God then hovered in the air. The question was only about the hour of such intervention by God. However, these expectations had a strong political tone (see §§ 7, 8). And here comes Jesus in Galilee, proclaiming: "The time is fulfilled and the kingdom of God is at hand" (Mark 1:15). Naturally, many have decided that He speaks of the kingdom of the Son of David, and therefore calls for a rebellion. He was even wanted to be made king (John 6, 15), but He left from this. In the end, according to the official Roman sentence, He was crucified as a political rebel, whose guilt was written on the Cross in three languages: “The King of the Jews” (Mark 15.26).

It only remains to add that at the baptism of anyone who is baptized, they ask three times: “Do you believe on Christ?” And the baptized should answer, “I believe in Him as the King and God.” (T. 3)
Answer the next question.
What have you learned about the Kingdom of God from reference material?

Read the following passages.

Gospel of matthew chapter 3

1 In those days, John the Baptist comes and preaches in the wilderness of Judea
2 and says: Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.
3 For he is the one whom the prophet Isaiah said about: the voice of one crying in the wilderness: Prepare the way of the Lord, make the paths straight to him.

Answer the questions:

What is needed to be ready to meet the Kingdom of God?
Can the kingdom of God please a man who did not repent?

Gospel of Matthew, chapter 7

21 Not everyone who says to Me: “Lord! Lord, ”will enter the kingdom of heaven, but fulfilling the will of my Heavenly Father.
22 Many will say to me in that day: Lord! Good lord did we not prophesy on your behalf? and wasn’t you driven out demons by your name? and in your name, did many wonders work?
23 And then I will declare to them: I have never known you; depart from me that do iniquity.
24 Therefore, whosoever hears these words of mine and executes them, I will liken him to a prudent man, who built his house on a stone;
25 and it began to rain, and the rivers poured out, and the winds blew, and rushed upon that house, and it did not fall, because it was founded on stone.
26 And whoever hears these words of Mine and does not fulfill them, will become like a foolish man who built his house on the sand;
27 And it began to rain, and the rivers poured out, and the winds blew, and lodged upon that house; and he fell, and there was a great fall.

Perform the task:

Read the 5-7 chapters of the Gospel of Matthew and describe the person who will enter the kingdom of God.

Gospel of Luke Chapter 12

22 And he said to his disciples: therefore, I say to you, do not be anxious for your soul, what you eat, not for your body, what you wear:
23 The soul is more than food, and the body is more clothing.
24 Look at the ravens: they do not sow, they do not reap; they have no storehouses, no storehouses, and God feeds them; how many birds are you better?
25 And how many of you, caring, can increase your height, even though by one elbow?
26 So, if you cannot do even the least, what do you care about the rest?
27 Consider the lilies how they grow: they do not labor, they do not spin; but I tell you that Solomon in all his glory did not dress like any of them.
28 But if God so dresses grass on the field, which is today, and tomorrow will be thrown into the furnace, then how much more than you, you of little faith!
29 So, do not look for what you eat or what to drink, and do not worry,
30 For all of this are sought after by the people of this world. your Father knows that you need it;
31 most often seek the kingdom of God, and all this will be added to you.
32 Fear not, little flock! For your Father has pleasure in giving you the kingdom.
33 Sell your possessions, and give alms. Prepare for yourself the vaginas that are not dilapidated, the treasure is not exhausted in heaven, where the thief does not approach and where the mole does not eat,
34 For where your treasure is, there your heart will be.

Answer the questions:

Why does Christ contrast the search for the kingdom of God and the search for food and drink?
Has the kingdom of God been sought by those who seek it? (see items 32)

Revelation of John the Divine, chapter 12

7 And there was a war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought (against them)
8 but they did not stand, and there was no place for them in heaven.
9 And the great dragon was cast out, the ancient serpent, called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole universe, was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
10 And I heard a loud voice speaking in heaven: now salvation and strength and the kingdom of our God and the power of His Christ have come, because the slanderer of our brothers has been cast out, slandering them before our God day and night.
11 They overcame him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, and they did not love their souls even to death.
Answer questions to all passages:

What new and important things for yourself did you learn / understand about the Kingdom of God from these three passages?

Read the interpretation

Saint Cyprian of Carthage
Rev. John Cassian the Roman
St. Tikhon of Zadonsky
St. Theophan the Recluse

Saint Cyprian of Carthage

We are asking for the coming of the Kingdom of God to us in the same sense in which we pray God that His name may be hallowed in us. For when does God not reign, or when to initiate the beginning of His Kingdom, which has always been with Him and does not cease to be? We ask, may our kingdom come, promised to us by God, acquired by the blood and suffering of Christ; we ask that we, who have served in this century, then reign with the Lord Christ, as He Himself promises this, saying: "Come, blessed of My Father, inherit the Kingdom prepared for you from the constitution of the world" (Matthew 25,34). … And we correctly ask for the kingdom of God, i.e. The kingdom of heaven; for there is the kingdom of the earth. But he who has already renounced the world is above worldly honors and kingdoms. Thus, he who devotes himself to God and Christ desires not the earthly, but the heavenly kingdom. And at the same time, unceasing prayer and supplication is necessary, so that we do not fall away from the Heavenly Kingdom as the Jews, with whom it had been promised before, fell away. The Lord clearly says: “Mennazis from the east and the west will come and lie down with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob in the Kingdom of Heaven; the sons of the kingdom of exile will be in tmu pitch: that shall be weeping and gnashing with a tooth ”(Mf.8, 11-12). He shows that the Jews were formerly sons of the kingdom, until they ceased to be sons of God; then, with the abolition of the name of the Fatherly from them, the Kingdom was abolished. That is why we, Christians, who began to call in the prayer of God the Father, ask that the kingdom of God come to us.

Rev. John Cassian the Roman

By the second petition, the mind, which has reached the highest degree of purity, begs for, “may he come,” as soon as possible, the “Kingdom” of his Father, meaning, under this constant reign of Christ in the saints, which comes when, after being slaughtered from our hearts vices, the power of the devil ceases, and God, because of the fragrance of virtues, begins to dominate us, when, instead of vanquished carnal lust, purity reigns in our mind, instead of suppressed anger, peace, instead of trampled pride — humility, or the Kingdom that At the predestined time, it is promised to all who have attained perfection and who were made sons of God, when Christ says to them: “Come, blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the constitution of the world” (Matt 25,34). To this Kingdom they look and look, as it were, on the eyes, desires and expectations of a pure soul, when it cries out to God: “Thy kingdom come!” For she is firmly convinced by the testimony of her conscience that it will immediately inherit this kingdom, as soon as it opens . On the contrary, none of the wicked will dare to desire this; for he, of course, does not want to see the Throne of Judge, who knows that on the day of Advent he will receive for his deeds not a crown and an award, but a punishment

St. Tikhon of Zadonsky

According to the teachings of St. John Chrysostom, the kingdom here is of course the kingdom of heaven – the kingdom that true Christians expect and pray: "Thy kingdom come." And this, “says,” is the word of a prudent son, who does not stick to the visible, and does not honor the present for the great, but in a hurry to the father and to the future seeks. He who desires the kingdom of heaven and prays: "Thy kingdom come," – that one must despise the earthly kingdom, glory, honor, joy, and wealth. Otherwise, he says in vain and prays: "Thy kingdom come." One must first despise the earthly, and then desire the heavenly. It is necessary for him to have a clear conscience, or to cleanse her with repentance, and then to pray: "Thy kingdom come." Otherwise, he cannot desire that, and when the conscience, which is defiled with sins, is threatened with God's judgment and eternal torment. For how can he pray and say, “Thy kingdom come,” but in conscience, he is confused by the expectation of eternal torment? So, it is imperative that he who wants and asks for the kingdom of God to come, forsake the sins, and cleanse them with repentance, regret and faith. For the kingdom of God is righteous and holy, prepared, and will come without fail, but the defiled by sins waits in vain for him. From a clear conscience, ”says Chrysostom,“ this desire comes, and from a soul removed from the earthly one.

St. Theophan the Recluse

The kingdom of these is rightly the future kingdom of heaven, which will open at the end of the world and the terrible judgment of God. But in order to sincerely wish the coming of this kingdom, you need to be sure that we will be honored with those who will say to you: “Come blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the composition of the world” (Mf.25, 34). But he who is worthy of this is one in whom the kingdom of sin, passions, and the devil is prevented in this life. The repression of this kingdom is accomplished by the act of grace by faith in the Lord the Savior. The one who believes is betraying himself to the Lord, promising Him to live holy and immaculate. For this, in the sacrament of baptism, the grace of the Holy Spirit is brought, reviving him to a new life; From now on, it is no longer sin that reigns in it, but grace, teaching all things good and strengthening it to commit it. This is the kingdom of grace, of which the Lord said: "the kingdom of God is within you." The future kingdom is the kingdom of glory, and this spiritual is the kingdom of grace. prayer together embraces both the kingdom. Otherwise, he who desires the speedy coming of the future kingdom, without having become the son of the kingdom of grace, will desire; so that the end of the world would come soon, and a terrible judgment, in which he will inevitably end up on the side of those who hear: "Depart from Mene the curse into eternal fire, prepared for the devil and his aggel." Holy Fathers and teachers also take into account the two kingdoms together; but sometimes one which is more recent.

You can find other patristic interpretations for the petition, "Thy kingdom come," here.

Answer the question
What important thoughts did you see in the patristic interpretations?

Personal questions.
It is advisable to answer them in writing, within 10-15 minutes. Do not try to write the "correct" answer, as "should be." Write as it is, in extreme cases there will be a reason for confession. Following the results, those who wish can share what they have learned from the answers to these questions.

Do you perceive God as the King whom you swore at the time of baptism?
What does it mean to you personally that God is your King?
Do you crave the Second Coming and the full establishment of the Kingdom of God? Why?

Sum up

What have I learned from patristic interpretations?
What did I learn from the answer to personal questions?
What is important for me, I learned from today's meeting?


Option 1.
Highlight 6 areas of your life that are important to you (you can do the same as in the last task)
Every day, answer yourself in writing within 20 minutes to questions regarding one of these areas.

Who is the king over this area of ​​my life – God, I, the devil?
What is the reason?
In what situations of my life over this area was God the King?
How can I help increase the number of such situations?
After 15 minutes, write that you were given the answers to these questions. You can take advantage of such questions.
Was it easy for me to answer the proposed questions?
How did this affect me?
Did I learn something new about myself?
What I want to say to God on the basis of the answers?

At the next meeting you can optionally share the results.

Option 2.
Every day, read two parables about the Kingdom of God, meditate on them and, following the results, answer yourself 3 questions:
What does this parable say about the kingdom of God?
What does this mean for me?
How do I feel about this?

Parables of the kingdom of God:
The parable of the sower (Matt 13: 3-8), The parable of the invisibly growing seed (Mark 13: 26-29), The parable of the tares (Matt 13: 24-30), The parable of the mustard seed (Matt 13: 31—32) , The parable of the treasure hidden in the field (Matthew 13:44), The parable of the pearl (Matthew 13: 45-46), The parable of the leaven (Matthew 13:33), The parable of the net (Matthew 13: 47-50), The parable about the unmerciful debtor (Mt. 18: 23–35), the Parable of those called to the marriage feast (Mt. 22: 2–14), the Parable of the ten virgins (Mt. 25: 1—13)

The material was prepared by Tatyana Zaitseva,

Gospel Groups Section Editor
write to: [email protected]

Previous release: Hallowed be thy Name. What does the Name of God mean to us?
Next issue: Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven

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