Sekatsky: the main modern Russian philosopher about Christianity
Alexander Sekatsky is probably the largest contemporary Russian philosopher. Writes on a variety of topics; the unity of his work is more likely not in themes, but in form, style, method: brilliant prose, paradoxical, sophisticated, witty, unexpected thinking. Let us see what he wrote about Christianity and in connection with Christianity about the issues of economics and politics, science and technology, suffering, freedom, physicality, austerities, etc.
“Deserters from Treasure Island” – Sekatsky’s utopia, written in artistic form. Marginals, "art proletarians", members of "urban tribes" spontaneously rebel against consumer Babylon. They leave the commodity economy and create a gift economy right in the middle of the “urban jungle”. The book has a Christian conclusion: “non-possessors” understand that the source of their work is in the New Testament.
“Where today the devil found himself the most reliable refuge. Not in a temple or in a cemetery – I can imagine how happy he is when such tales are told to children. His lair, refuge, his headquarters – in the supermarket. Consumer paradise is the name of the earthly projection of his hell. And this is the place where a person imperceptibly, but often, alas, irreparably parted with his soul. I am grateful to you for revealing to me this truth, which has always been the truth of Jesus.
Even the obvious thing is that the principles of non-possession not only do not contradict the New Testament, but are directly based on it, it did not occur at once, and it came to the hierarchs of the church last. It is painfully difficult to recognize: professionals expect a lot of things to come up with, take a collective portrait of an upcoming savior who, undoubtedly, must be wise with their wisdom (no wonder they assimilated all this wisdom), and here the rabble underfoot is unsteady, confuses the flock … Itself Jesus said little about the coming receivers of His truth. But something still said: "And the latter will be the first." This is a bitter truth for all the hierarchs, since in its negative form it means that the leaders in the chronicles of this world will not be the first on His Lists under any circumstances. ”
Articles by Alexander Sekatsky, one way or another related to Christianity:
ASTRONAUTICA OF THE CROSS. Christianity gave rise to the "factuality of fact" (the fact of the Resurrection of Jesus). The invention of fact allowed the Christian world to generate science and technology – in particular, a space rocket.
THIRD STEP. In this essay, Sekatsky develops the thoughts outlined in the "Astronautics of the Cross":
“The rocket launching from the cosmodrome was not chosen by chance, we will see that space flight is a direct theological action, although far from the canonical theology of the first centuries of Christianity” is (the foundation of Fact and science and technology following it) examples of "direct theological action."
Actually, the "third step" – represents the "separation of the creature called man from the gravity of the body." The first stage of an anthropological rocket was actually anthropogenesis, separation from the animal, the second – Christianity, the invention of fact and subject. The third step will be the assembly of a new body, the fulfillment of the task set by Christian ascetics. (The first is detachment from the body of the species, the second is from the body of society, the third will simply be detachments from the body itself.)
CYBER SPACE AND RESCUE PROBLEM. This essay is a variation of the “Third Step” (or vice versa). According to Sekatsky, the task set by Christian ascetics is solved by cyberpunk.
AUDIT OF THE BODY AND THE SITUATION OF MODERNITY. And here again Sekatsky asks questions of the connection of Christianity, science, and technology in the perspective of reassembling the body. Quote:
“Only Christianity sanctioned science as a new form of knowledge, but it also defined a phenomenon of progress unthinkable for traditional ways of transmitting knowledge-wisdom. In the same way, the idea of a changing, constantly renewing body is essentially Christian, although even today it is realized by the last of this world: cyberpunks, representatives of other radical subcultures. ”
ABOUT HOLY SIMPLICITY AND THE DEVIL'S Sophistication. And again Sekatsky talks about the innovations introduced by Christianity into the world (fact, technique, subject), but here it is no longer in optimistic tones: the threats concealed in these innovations for the “human in man” are considered.
WHO WILL RESTORE FROM STAR DUST? Sekatsky in this essay diagnoses the disappearance of the supernatural in modern times and the synthesis of the super-artificial (on the example of Star Wars).
THEORY OF DIRECT ACTION. Review of creativity Lars von Trier. Sekatsky sees Trier as a undoubtedly Christian artist in the most serious sense of the word.
LET SILENT. Here Sekatsky analyzes the phenomenon of "moral talk shows." Sekatsky considers them the limit of pornography: "exposure of the shameful parts of the soul."
“Reading Together: Blaise Pascal's Thoughts”
Two contemporary Russian philosophers, Marina Mikhailova and Alexander Sekatsky, read Pascal's Thoughts, one of the main Christian books.
In general, this issue is timed to the end of the season of our lecture; this year we invited Sekatsky a lot to us. Here are the notes from these meetings:
“Suffering and salvation: the metaphysical truth of Christianity”
Alexander Sekatsky – one of the main modern Russian philosophers – compares the path of Jesus and the path of Nietzscheus Zarathustra, finding a lot in common between them, considering, however, that the path of Jesus is more radical, "carefree" path of Zarathustra. On the one hand, Christianity teaches lightness: “My burden is easy,” “do not care about tomorrow” … On the other hand, it calls for experiencing the fullness of suffering in order to find salvation. How do simplicity and lightness and necessity of compassion correlate?
"Man: Between Freedom and Fatalism." Meeting with the priest Dionysius Harin.
Without human freedom, the world is not interesting to God and, in essence, is not worth the creation. But in the range of allowed and granted freedom there is nothing more important than the sovereign choice of a person. Refusal of choice means refusal of salvation. How does Christianity and European metaphysics solve these dilemmas?
"The phenomenon of power: history and modernity." Meeting with the priest Dionysius Harin.
Many Christians are convinced that all authority is from God, therefore the most suitable form of government is the sole authority of the king. He is anointed of God. Is it so? Where did the authority go according to the Scriptures? Whom to respect and who to fear?
Talk about the synthesis of a new physicality in virtual space and compare this phenomenon with what they put in the concept of "body" in the Old Testament.
"The problem of human physicality in Christianity and in European metaphysics." Meeting with the priest Dionysius Harin.
Talk about human corporeality inevitably runs into an alternative: the body can be seen as the dungeon of the soul, as captivity of the spirit by matter, or, conversely, as an amazing gift. There is Max Scheler’s thesis “the soul is the meaning of the body”, which was shared by all German anthropology before Heidegger. What emphasis do we see in the Old Testament? The collection of dust – that is, the return of former physicality. In the New Testament, with its key idea of transformation, the emphasis is on the thought "I will give you a new body." The sign of modernity is a synthesis of new physicality in the virtual space.
"From the ancient idea of happiness to the Christian idea of salvation." Meeting with the priest Dionysius Harin.
Most believe that "everyone has their own happiness," but few would agree that "everyone has their own honesty" and "their own honor" – for the Greeks, these theses were equivalent. What happened to the idea of happiness? What is the situation with the reliability of happiness today? Does a person have the right to happiness? Is full responsibility for one’s own happiness possible (or only for one’s own misfortune)?
"What is the meaning of asceticism and what is the Christian feat." Meeting with the priest Dionysius Harin.
About what Christian austerity is from the point of view of philosophy.
The lecture will cover the following topics:
– The concept of austerity. The meaning of austerities in a world dominated by the Spirit of Gravity (Nietzsche);
– ascetic and theoretical, on which their comparison is based;
– Christian feat as a spiritual practice;
– the full presence in the world in an ascetic format.
"Who are you, Mr. Judas?" Meeting with the priest Dimitri Sizonenko.
The appearance of Judas described in the Gospels is paradoxical, and the debate about this man has not ceased for more than one millennium. The Gospel of John says: “I do not tell you more slaves, but friends,” are wonderful, inspiring words. But the only disciple whom Jesus personally refers to as a "friend" is Judas. At the time of arrest: "Friend do, for this you are here." There is such a hypothesis: Judas is wonderful, trustworthy, since he was entrusted with the box office and even the mission to betray Christ. Jesus wants to be put to death as soon as possible, and for this he chooses one of his disciples. Poor Judas, he had to do the dirty work. Some exegetes repeat this idea, and Nikos Kazantzakis in the novel The Last Temptation of Christ. But logically, this is how we come to some sort of sadomasochistic friendship.
About the paradoxes-equivocations of friendship, about the connection between friendship and temptation, about the nature of betrayal, about predestination and freedom of choice, our conversation.
And finally – Alexander Sekatsky recommends the best books about the faith of the audience of Predania.ru – and the books are very unexpected! Watch or read.
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