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He who is in heaven

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He who is in heaven


Here is the third issue of the “Lord’s Prayer” newsletter. It is dedicated to reflecting on the words "He who is in heaven."

Get ready to read

Be silent for a minute or two so that, as stated in the prayer book, to calm all your feelings and tune in to prayer and reading the Scriptures. Do not switch between the tabs and do not think about business.


In Church Slavonic

Lord Jesus Christ, open your ears, hear your word, and understand and do your will, as a stranger am upon the earth: not a scorn of your commandments, but my eyes open, that I may understand the wonders of your law; tell me the unknown and the secret of thy wisdom. I hope in Thee, O my God, yes, enlighten the mind and sense with the light of your mind not only written in honor, but I also create, but I cannot read the saints of life and words to myself, but in the update, and the enlightenment, and the shrine, and the salvation of the soul, and the heritage of everlasting life. Yako thou art enlighten those who lie in darkness and from You is every gift of good and every gift is perfect. Amen.

In Russian

Lord Jesus Christ, open to me my heart’s ears, so that when I hear Your Word, I understand it and do Your will, because I am a stranger on earth. Do not hide your commandments from me, but open my eyes, so that I may comprehend the miracles of your law. Tell me your unknown and secret wisdom. I trust in You, my God, and I believe that You will enlighten my mind and meaning with the light of the knowledge of You, and that then I will not only read what is written, but also fulfill it. Make me not read my Word for sin, but in renewal and in enlightenment, and in shrine, and in the salvation of the soul, and in the inheritance of eternal life. For You, Lord, are those who lie in darkness, and from You are every good gift and every perfect gift. Amen.

Keep silent.

Read the Lord’s Prayer

9 Pray thus: Our Father in heaven! hallowed be thy name;
10 Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven;
11 Give us this day our daily bread.
12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.
13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. For yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.
(Mat.6: 9-13)

Slowly re-read the appeal to God: Our Father, who is in heaven, and think about these words for a while, especially concentrating on the words, "He who is in heaven."

Read the reference material.


Church Slavonic and Russian translations of the prayer “Our Father” are different. Let's try to understand these differences.
“Whose are you in Heaven” is literally translated as “Who is (is) (is) in heaven”. The literal translation of the Greek original generally sounds like "Who in heaven." But if we say “Our Father, Who is in Heaven,” it will not sound in Russian. Therefore, the authors of the Synodal Translation of the Bible used the expression "He that is in Heaven." Being here means "existing." In addition, Christ often speaks of the Heavenly Father – His and ours.

Once again, re-read our Father, Jehovah in heaven, and think about these words for a few minutes, especially focusing on the words "Jehovah in heaven"

After that, answer the questions (better in writing)

Questions for reflection and discussion

What caught your attention in these words? Why?
Why do we emphasize that we appeal to the Father, "Who is in heaven"
What is meant by "heaven"?

Read one or more interpretations:
St. John Chrysostom
Tikhon Zadonsky
St. Ignatius Bryanchaninov
Martyr Vladimir (Epiphany)

Interpretation of John Chrysostom

When the Lord says in prayer, “He who is in heaven,” this word does not conclude God in heaven, but distracts the one who prays from the earth and supplies him in the upper countries and mountain homes.

Wanting to teach us to leave the earth and the earth and not bow down, but took the wings of faith and, flying above the air and rising above the ether, sought the Father, He commanded to say: "Our Father in heaven" – not because so that God is only in heaven, but in order for us, creeping along the earth, to be inclined towards aspiration to heaven, and having illumined the beauty of heavenly blessings, turn all our desires there.

St. John Chrysostom
Tikhon Zadonsky
St. Ignatius Bryanchaninov
Martyr Vladimir (Epiphany) Proceed to the next stage
St. Tikhon of Zadonsky
It is said: "in heaven," – not as God in heaven is, but takes away the one who prays from the earth and erects to the heavenly abodes, says saint. Chrysostom; also (and therefore this word is spoken), because there the fatherland is the elect, and God in His glory there shows Himself, and rejoices the souls of his saints. Otherwise, God is essential in every place, in heaven and on earth, as the Psalm Priest sings: “Our God is in heaven and in earth” (Psalm 113: 11). St. John Chrysostom
Tikhon Zadonsky
St. Ignatius Bryanchaninov
Martyr Vladimir (Epiphany)

Go to the next step

St. Ignatius Bryanchaninov

By indicating the whereabouts of the Father in heaven, the praying son is raised into the sky. Forget all earthly things; disregard the earth – this shelter given to you for the shortest time; disregard all the accessories of the shelter that will be taken away from you after the shortest period of time; turn all cares to your fatherland, to the sky, taken away by the fall, returned by atonement; Bring a prayer for giving you eternal, spiritual, all-holy, divine blessings, exceeding in immense dignity not only the comprehension of men, but also the comprehension of angels. These blessings are already prepared for you; they are already waiting for you. The justice of God, inseparable from His goodness, requires that it should be revealed to you to accept the heavenly treasures, to become clear through your prayer and your life.

St. John Chrysostom
Tikhon Zadonsky
St. Ignatius Bryanchaninov
Martyr Vladimir (Epiphany)

Go to the next step

Martyr Metropolitan Vladimir (Epiphany)

Why does the Lord Jesus make us look for the Father in heaven in his prayer? And for the same reason that David is praying: from the depths have cried to Thee, Lord! (Psalm 129: 1), that is, from the depths of distress I call upon Thee. This word indicates our daily calamities and needs. We are in the abyss of the daily evils and disasters of the earth, and God stands above all this in the glory and glory of heaven. And we are happy that among our needs, sorrows and disasters we can put our trust in God, that we can find protection and patronage from the Father, who is above all earthly needs and from whom comes every good gift and every perfect gift. As far as heaven is above the earth, so much as His thoughts are above our thoughts and His ways are higher than our ways. As much as His power and wisdom is higher than the wisdom of the earth, so is His love above human love. At least, the deepest and most selfless love of earthly parents is only a weak reflection of the love of our Father in Heaven. Yes, it would be something incredible and unnatural if fatherly or maternal love changed its nature. Even less, it can be doubted that the heart of Our Father in Heaven will change in the love of its children. Can a woman forget her infant child, so as not to regret the son of her womb? But even if she had forgotten, I would not forget you, says the Lord (Is. 49:15).
Therefore, to Him, ascend, friend, with your thoughts, your feelings and desires. Without being tied with your heart to anything earthly, no matter how earthly this deceives you, direct your gaze and heart to Your Father, Who lives in heaven, in the splendor of glory and glory. There is your real place, there is your homeland, which you are deprived of for sin, there is your Father’s house, to which you belong, where you can return in no other way than in a sorrowful and cramped way, by that deplorable plane to which no foreign land let you know what you lost with the removal from your father's house. There, where the Lord of glory, your Savior, has prepared His abode with the Father for you, go there with your desires and longed hopes. Do not forget in a foreign land your high birth and your paternal home. Raise your eyes from the path to the goal, direct your heart to attaining the inheritance of the children of God living in heaven, to the saints of God, who are singing to him there at the throne: “Holy, holy, holy”, to the perfect bliss of heaven to which you will once be called and you.
You can find other interpretations here.

Answer the questions

What is important for me personally, I read in the interpretation?
How do interpreters answer the question “What is heaven?” And “Why should we emphasize that we are addressing the Father Who is in heaven?”

Read a few more scripture passages where heaven is mentioned

Parallel places

33 Sell your possessions, and give alms. Prepare for yourself the vaginas that are not dilapidated, the treasure is not exhausted in heaven, where the thief does not approach and where the mole does not eat,
34 For where your treasure is, there your heart will be.
(Bow 12: 33.34)

3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in heaven,
4 because he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we might be holy and blameless before him in love,
5 predestinating us to adopt Himself through Jesus Christ, according to the good will of His will,
(Ef.1: 3-5)

3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who by his great mercy has regenerated us by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead to the hope of the living,
4 to the inheritance of the imperishable, the pure, the unfading, kept in heaven for you,
5 by the power of God by faith kept to salvation, ready to open lately.
(1 Pet. 1: 3-5)

1 For we know that when our earthly home, this hut, collapses, we have a dwelling place in heaven from God, a house not made by hands, eternal.
2 From this we sigh, desiring to put on our heavenly dwelling place;
3 if only we should not be dressed naked.
(2 Cor.5: 1-3)

17 Imitate, brethren, me, and look at those who act in the image that you have in us.
18 For many, of whom I have often told you, and now I speak with tears, act as enemies of the cross of Christ.
19 Their end is destruction, their god is the belly, and their glory is shame, they think of the earthly.
20 But our dwelling is in heaven, from where we await our Savior, our Lord Jesus Christ,
21 That our humble body will transform in such a way that it will be in accordance with His glorious body, by the power (with which) He acts and subjugates everything to Himself.
(Phil.3: 17-21)

Answer the questions
What feelings do you have about the heavens in each of these passages?
What draws you to heaven helps you to go there?
What prevents you from going there?
What do you do with what's bothering you?

Sum up What turned out to be the most important for me when thinking about the Scripture, questions and acquaintance with interpretations and cultural-historical background? Thank God for that. Homework Option 1. Every day during the week reflect on how the heavens differ from the “earth” for the better and write it down. Emphasize what you like about it, why you want a heavenly inheritance. Option 2. Every day during the week, do something that can be understood as a collection of "treasures in heaven" and not on earth. The material was prepared by Tatyana Zaitseva, editor of the Gospel Groups section.
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Previous release: Why not “my Father”, but “our”?
Next issue: Hallowed be thy Name. What does the Name of God mean to us?

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