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Give us this day our daily bread. What kind of bread are we asking for?

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Give us this day our daily bread. What kind of bread are we asking for?

Hello! Here is the seventh issue of the “Lord’s Prayer” newsletter. It is dedicated to reflecting on the request for their daily bread. Join our reflection Reflection on Scripture is a serious matter, so if you have half an hour left,

prepare for reading and thinking

Be silent for a minute or two so that, as stated in the prayer book, to calm all your feelings and tune in to prayer and reading the Scriptures. Do not switch between the tabs, do not go to the social network and do not think about business. Do not be distracted by anything.

Pray

In Church Slavonic

Lord Jesus Christ, open your ears, hear your word, and understand and do your will, as a stranger am upon the earth: not a scorn of your commandments, but my eyes open, that I may understand the wonders of your law; tell me the unknown and the secret of thy wisdom. I hope in Thee, O my God, yes, enlighten the mind and sense with the light of your mind not only written in honor, but I also create, but I cannot read the saints of life and words to myself, but in the update, and the enlightenment, and the shrine, and the salvation of the soul, and the inheritance of life everlasting. Yako thou art enlighten those who lie in darkness and from You is every gift of good and every gift is perfect. Amen.

In Russian

Lord Jesus Christ, open to me my heart’s ears, so that I, having heard Your Word, enlightened it, and fulfilled Your will, because I am a stranger on earth. Do not hide your commandments from me, but open my eyes, so that I may understand (a) miracles from your law. Tell me your unknown and secret wisdom. I trust in You, my God, and I believe that You will enlighten my mind and meaning with the light of the knowledge of You, and that then I will not only read what is written, but also fulfill it. Make me not in sin to myself. Your Word read (a), but in renewal and in enlightenment, and in the shrine, and in the salvation of the soul, and in the inheritance of eternal life. For You, Lord, are those who lie in darkness, and from You are every good gift and every perfect gift. Amen.

Keep silent for a minute.

Read the Lord’s Prayer

9 Pray thus: Our Father in heaven! hallowed be thy name;
10 Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven;
11 Give us this day our daily bread.
12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.
13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. For yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.
(Mat.6: 9-13)

Slowly re-read the second petition: Thy kingdom come, and think about these words for two or three minutes. You can just slowly repeat them out loud or to yourself, focusing on their meaning. If you have any thoughts or questions, write them down.

Answer the questions:
Is there something incomprehensible in these words?

What does “daily bread” mean?
Why precisely “on this day”?
Why should we ask if God already gives everything?

Read scripture passages

Proverbs, chapter 30

7 I ask two things from You, do not refuse me before I die:
8 remove vanity and lies from me, do not give me poverty and wealth, feed me with daily bread,
9 so that, being fed up, I did not deny (You) and did not say: “who is the Lord?” And so that he would become impoverished and would not steal and use the name of my God in vain.

How is real bread understood here?
Why does the author asks about him?

Exodus Chapter 16

11 And the Lord spoke unto Moses, saying:
12 I heard the murmurs of the sons of Israel; Tell them: in the evening you will eat meat, and in the morning you will be filled with bread – and you will know that I am the Lord your God.
13 In the evening, the quails came down and covered the camp, and in the morning there was dew about the camp;
14 dew has risen, and here, on the surface of the desert (something) is small, close-grained, small, like frost on the ground.
15 And the children of Israel saw, and said one to another, What is this? For they did not know what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the Lord hath given you to eat;
16 This is what the Lord commanded: Gather him every one as much as he eats; According to Omor per person, according to the number of souls, how many have anyone in the tent, collect.
17 And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less;
18 and they measured with an omer, and the one who gathered a lot didn’t have too much, and the one who had little didn’t have a disadvantage: everyone collected how much to eat.
19 And Moses said unto them, Let no man leave this until the morning.
20 But they did not listen to Moses, and left some of this until the morning, and the worms wound up, and it was put to death. And Moses was angry with them.
21 And they gathered him early in the morning, every man how much to eat for him; when the sun warmed it melted.
22 And on the sixth day they gathered bread twice, two ores each. And all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses.
23 And (he) said to them: This is what the Lord said: tomorrow is peace, the holy Sabbath of the Lord; you need to bake, bake, and that you need to cook, boil (today), and what remains, put it aside and save until morning.
24 And they put it off till the morning, as Moses commanded, and it did not die, and there were no worms in it.
25 And Moses said: Eat it today, for today is the Sabbath of the Lord; today you will not find him on the field;
26 Six days, collect him, and on the seventh day, the Sabbath: he will not be on (that day).

Why do you think the manna did not stay the next day, if the next day was not Saturday?
What is the situation with the manna on the petition "Give us our daily bread, give us this day (give us this day)?"
What does this story teach us?

Psalm 103

21 lions roar about the prey and ask God for food for themselves.
22 The sun rises, (and) they gather and lay down in their lairs;
23 A man goes out to his work, and to his work until the evening.
24 How many are thy works, O Lord! Thou hast made all things wisely; the earth is full of thy works.
25 This is a great and vast sea: there are reptiles that have no number, small animals with large ones;
26 ships are floating there, there is this leviathan, which You created to play in it.
27 They all expect of you to give them their food in due time.
28 Give them, accept, open your hand, be filled with good;
29 If you hide your face, they are troubled; you take away their spirit, they die, and return to their dust;
30 You send forth your spirit, they are built, and you renew the face of the earth.
31 May the glory of the Lord be forever; may the Lord rejoice over his works!

What is said here about God and his relationship with Him in the context of food?

Personal questions

Do you feel your dependence on God in matters of obtaining food and everything necessary for life?
We are not asking for bread personally for ourselves, but for giving us daily bread. Who do you mentally include in this "our" and "us"?

This petition has another aspect. To understand it, read the following passages:

Gospel of john chapter 6

32 And Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses did not give you bread from heaven, but my Father gives you true bread from heaven.
33 For the bread of God is that which comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.
34 Then they said to him, Lord, Give us always such bread.
35 And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life. He who comes to me will not hunger, and he who believes in me will never thirst.
41 And the Jews murmured at him, because he said: I am the bread that came down from heaven.
42 And they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then does He say: I came down from heaven?
43 Jesus answered and said unto them, Thou shalt not grumble amongst one another.
44 No one can come to Me unless the Father who has sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up at the last day.
45 It is written in the prophets: and they shall all be taught by God. Whoever hears from the Father and learns, comes to me.
46 It is not that anyone should see the Father, except He Who is from God; He saw the Father.
47 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, has everlasting life.
48 I am the bread of life.
49 Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and they died.
50 The bread that comes down from heaven is such that the one who eats him will not die.
51 I am the living bread that came down from heaven; He who eats this bread will live forever. And the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

53 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Unless you eat the flesh of the Son of man and drink his blood, you will not have life in you.
54 Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day.
55 For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink.
56 He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me, and I in him.
57 As the living Father sent Me, and I live the Father, (so) and he who eats Me will live by Me.
58 This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not like your fathers ate manna and died: he who eats this bread will live forever.

Write out what is said here about bread

Matthew's Gospel, Chapter 26

26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread and, after blessing, broke it and, distributing to the disciples, said: Take, eat: this is My Body.
27 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, and said, Drink ye all of it,
28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
29 But I tell you that from now on I will not drink from this grape fruit until the day when I will drink with you new (wine) in the Kingdom of My Father.

Write out what is said here about bread

Luke's Gospel, Chapter 24

13 On the same day, two of them went to the village, which is sixty degrees from Jerusalem, called Emmaus;
14 and talked to each other about all these events.
15 And when they were talking and reasoning among themselves, Jesus himself, coming near, went with them.
16 But their eyes were restrained, so that they did not recognize him.
17 But he said to them: What are you going about, reasoning amongst yourselves, and why are you sad?
18 One of them, by the name of Cleopas, answered and said to him: Are you really one of those who have come to Jerusalem, you do not know about what has happened in him these days?
19 And he said to them, About what? They said to him: What happened to Jesus of Nazareth, who was a prophet, mighty in deed and word before God and all the people;
20 How our chief priests and our rulers delivered him up to be condemned to death, and crucified him.
21 But we hoped that He was He who should deliver Israel; but with all that, it's already the third day now how it happened.
22 But also some of our women astounded us: they were early at the tomb
23 and they did not find his body, and when they had come, they said that they also saw the appearance of angels, who say that he lives.
24 And some of our people went to the tomb and found it as the women said, but they did not see Him.
25 Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have foretold!
26 Was it not necessary for Christ to suffer and to enter into his glory?
27 And beginning from Moses, from all the prophets, he expounded to them the things said about him in all the Scripture.
28 And they came near the village into which they were going; and He showed them the view that he wanted to go further.
29 But they held him, saying, Stay with us, for the day is already toward evening. And he entered and remained with them.
30 And when he reclined with them, he took bread, blessed, broke it, and gave it to them.
31 Then their eyes were opened to them, and they recognized him. But He became invisible to them.
32 And they said to one another, Did not our heart burn within us when He spoke to us on the road and when the Scripture explained to us?
33 And they arose at that very hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found together eleven (apostles) and those who were with them.
34 who said that the Lord was truly resurrected and appeared to Simon.
35 And they spoke of what had happened on the way, and how He was recognized by them in the breaking of bread.

Write out what is said here about bread

Acts of the Apostles Chapter 2

42 And they were constantly in the teaching of the Apostles, in fellowship and the breaking of bread, and in prayers.
43 But there was fear in every soul; and many miracles and signs were performed through the Apostles at Jerusalem.
44 All the believers were together and had everything in common.
45 And they sold their possessions and all kinds of property, and they divided them to all, according to the need of each.
46 And every day they were with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread in their homes, they took food in joy and simplicity of heart,
47 praising God and being in love with all the people. But the Lord added to the Church daily the saved.

Write out what is said here about bread
Formulate the essence of the written out of all 4 passages in your own words.

Our comment

There are two understandings about what kind of bread the Lord commands us to ask. They complement each other and are associated with a different understanding of the word, which is translated into Russian as “essential.” One is everyday, necessary. From the point of view of this understanding, we realize the dependence of our life on God and pray that the Lord will give us food necessary for life, and, more broadly, all that we need – clothes, a roof over our heads, etc. After all, everything that we have, God gives us. We pray for the necessary, but not for the excessive (for bread, and not for bread with butter and black caviar), so that He will give us it just as He gave the Jews in the desert manna – no more, but not less than what they was needed for life. Therefore, we read the Lord’s Prayer before eating.

But, as we saw from the Gospel of John, Christ says that the Father gives us, besides the manna of another, True Bread, the Bread of Life, is the Flesh of Christ, which we take in Communion. And this is also necessary for us for life, for spiritual life. And from here – another translation of this word – "super-essential." Apparently, the Lord's Prayer from the very beginning of the Church’s existence was used to break bread — that is, at meetings that later turned into liturgy. And it is no coincidence that we now sing “Our Father” right before Communion. Thus, we ask God to give us right now, today, our daily, necessary for life bread – the Body of Christ.

Question for personal reflection
What is the Communion for you personally?

Sum up
What did you learn from this lesson important to yourself, what will change your life?

Read the interpretation

Saint Cyprian of Carthage

Continuing the prayer, we utter the following petition: "Give us this day our daily bread." This can be understood both in a spiritual and in a simple sense, because both of them, according to divine gifts, are equally conducive to salvation. Christ is the bread of life, and this bread is not of all, but ours. As we say: “Our Father”, because God is the Father who know Him and the believers, so we call Christ our bread, because He is the bread of those who touch His Body. We ask daily, may this bread be given to us, so that we, who are in Christ and daily accept the Eucharist as a day of salvation, being separated from communion and deprived of heavenly bread for any grave sin, will not be separated from the Body of Christ, as the Lord says in our admonition: “I am the living bread, come down from heaven; He who eats this bread will live forever. And the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world. " (In.6, 51). When He says that the one who eats from His bread will be alive forever, this shows that those who touch His Body live and accept the Eucharist by right of communion. So, you have to fear and pray, that no one separates from the Body of Christ, having been banned, and will not move away from salvation, as the Lord threatens, saying: “If you do not eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His Blood, you will not in life itself. " (In.6, 53). That is why we ask daily, may our bread be given to us, so that we who are and live in Christ may not depart from sanctification and from his body.
It can be understood in the following way: having renounced this age and by the faith of spiritual grace, abandoning its riches and honor, remembering the admonition of the Lord, who says: “every one of you who does not renounce everything that he has cannot be My disciple” ( Lk.14,33), we ask for food and food alone. Whoever became a disciple of Christ, according to the word of the Teacher, renouncing everything, should only ask for daily food and not extend beyond prayer to his desires, bearing in mind the commandment of the Lord, who said: “Do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow ) will take care of itself: it is enough for (each) day of its care ”(Matt.6, 34). So, the disciple of Christ, who is forbidden to take care of tomorrow, rightly asks for his daytime food: there would be a contradiction and inconsistency if we were looking for food for a long time in this age when we ask for the imminent coming of the kingdom of God. The blessed apostle, teaching and affirming the fortress of our hope and faith, makes us the following reminder: “We have not brought anything into the world; it is clear that we can not take anything (from it). Having food and clothes, we will be happy with that. But those who desire to enrich themselves fall into temptation and into the net and into many foolish and harmful lusts that plunge people into calamity and ruin; for the root of all evils is the love of money, which having surrendered, some have turned away from the faith and have themselves subjected to many sorrows ”(1 Tim. 6, 7-10). This teaches that it is not only necessary to despise wealth, but also that they are dangerous: they have the root of flattering evils that seduce the blindness of the human mind with hidden cunning. That is why God denounces the crazy rich man who thought about worldly wealth and boasted an extraordinary abundance of fruits. Madness, He says to him, “this night shall they take your soul from you; who will get what you have prepared? ”(Luke 12, 20). Insane, he rejoiced over the profits that night in which he was to die; he who had little to live had, dreamed of abundant fruits.
On the contrary, the Lord teaches that he is completely perfect, who, having sold all his property and having distributed to the poor, prepares for himself a treasure in heaven; He, according to the Lord, can follow Him and imitate the glory of the Lord’s suffering, who is not delayed in his readiness and hunting by any household network, but, having given his property to God, detached and free, goes there himself (Matt.19, 21) . Here is how let everyone learn to pray in order to prepare himself for the same thing; of the law of prayer, let everyone understand what prayer should be! Meanwhile, for the righteous, there can never be a shortage of daily food, according to the Scriptures: "The Lord will not allow the soul of the righteous to endure hunger" (Rd. 10, 3). And again: “I was young and grew old, and did not see the righteous one left, and his descendants asking for bread” (Ps. 36, 25). The same promises and the Lord, saying: "So do not worry and do not say: what do we have? or what to drink? or what to wear? because the Gentiles are seeking for all this, and because your Heavenly Father knows that you need all this. But seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all this will be added to you ”(Matt.6, 31-33). He promises that those who seek the kingdom and the righteousness of God will add everything: after all, all of God; therefore, he who has God will have no lack of anything, if only he does not lag behind God. So, Daniel, when he was cast into the lion's ditch at the behest of the king, a dinner is prepared by the Providence of God and the man of God is sated among the beasts of those who are hungry but are sparing him (Dan.14, 30-39). So, Elijah eats during the flight: pursued, he receives food in the desert from the lies that serve him, from the birds that bring him food.

Answer the question
Is there something that you need to change in your attitude to wealth, food and other material goods?
Is there anything that you need to change in your attitude to Communion?

Homework:
Every day in the evening for 6 days write down what God has given you to live on this day.

The material was prepared by Tatyana Zaitseva, editor of the Gospel Groups section.
write to: [email protected]

Previous release: Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven
Next issue: And forgive us our debts

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