Five Pieces of Holiness
Last time we picked up ten lyric-philosophical books, this time we decided to do something similar – five literary beautiful and philosophically deep Christian reflections in dramatic form from the authors of the 20th century. These five plays are also combined with the following: all five are about the painful path of holiness.
"Miguel Manyara" – the most famous work of Oscar Milos. Miguel Manyara is a real person who lived in the 17th century and is considered to be one of the prototypes of Don Juan. Manyara was a Spanish aristocrat and embodied all the vices inherent in this type of people. However, at 20 he experienced religious revelation and radically changed his life.
This plot takes Milosz for his drama. The traditional Christian story of a repentant sinner, but how brilliant and how deeply embodied! In Milos Manyara becomes a titanic figure, whose desires have spread to the whole world, but Manyara can not get enough. "We'll have to" turn to completeness:
“I dragged Love in pleasures, in mud, in death; I was a traitor, a blasphemer, an executioner; I have done everything this unhappy creature can do, man, and so what? I lost Satan. Satan left me. I taste the bitterness of the grass growing on the rock of longing. I served Venus first with fury, then with malice and disgust. Today, I, yawning, would have rolled her neck. And it is not vanity that speaks with my mouth. I am not a senseless executioner. I suffered, I suffered a lot. Tosca gave me signs, jealousy whispered in my ear, pity took me by the throat. Moreover, it was the least false of all my pleasures.
And what? my confession surprises you; i hear laughter So know that the one who did not mourn over his victim never committed a truly disgusting act. Of course, in my youth I, just like you, was looking for pathetic joy, this restless stranger who gives you her life and does not give her name. But very soon I was overwhelmed with the desire to find something that you will never know: great love, mysterious and tender. How many times it seemed to me that I possessed her, but it was just a ghost of the flame. I choked her in my arms, I swore to her in eternal tenderness, she burned my mouth and sprinkled my head with my own ashes, and when I opened my eyes, the hated day of solitude was here again, a long day, such a long day of solitude, and poor heart was in his hands, a very poor tender heart, light as a winter bird. And one evening, voluptuousness with evil eyes and low forehead fell on my bed, and it silently contemplated me, as they were looking at the dead.
New beauty, new pain, new good, which you quickly get tired of, to better enjoy the wine of new evil, new life, infinite number of new lives – that's what I need, gentlemen, only this and nothing more.
Oh, how to fill this abyss of life? What to do?
For desire, as strong as ever, as never mad, is always with me. It is like a raging ocean of fire, whose flames reach the very depths of black universal non-existence!
This desire to embrace endless possibilities!
Oh, gentlemen! what are we doing here? What are we doing here? ”
"Murder in the Cathedral" – the only tragedy of TS Eliot among his poetic dramas. Based on real events. The protagonist of the drama is Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, the holy Catholic Church, one of the central figures of English history of the XII century.
Thomas Becket can be called the English Chrysostom. Like the prelate of Constantinople, he rebelled against the authority – King Henry II, who wanted to use the Church to his advantage. Their struggle ended in the martyrdom of the righteous. The drama about the confrontation of holiness and peace, the Church and the authorities, temptations and martyrdom:
“Forgive us, Lord, for we are simple people.
We lock the door and sit down at the hearth.
We are afraid of the blessings of God, of loneliness
We are afraid of the injustice of human
less than God's justice
We fear the hands at the window, and the fire in the manger,
and fighter in the tavern, and push in the pit
Less than fearful of the Lord’s Love. ”
The Carmelite Dialogues is the only play by the great novelist Bernanos. The revolutionary authorities of France begin to persecute the cloister of nuns. The center of the play is the choice, the painful doubts of the young nun Blanche:
“Mother Mary. It's not about saving them, but to fulfill with them the vow that we voluntarily brought recently.
Blanche. How! Will we let them die without trying to do anything for them?
Mother Mary. My child, it is important not to let them die without us.
Blanche. Yes, to die, they will cost us without!
Mother Mary. Do I hear from Carmel's daughter?
Blanche. To die, to die, you have this one word in the tongue! Will you all never get tired of killing or dying? Do you never get drunk enough of someone else's blood or your own?
Mother Mary. It's a disgraceful crime, my daughter, and the innocent lives sacrificed are washed away by this abomination, and the crime itself is again in the circle of divine mercy …
Blanche stomps her foot.
Blanche. I do not want them to die! I do not want to die!
She runs away, and mother Maria does not have time to keep her. At the door Blanche is confronted by a chaplain who utters a joyful exclamation.
Chaplain. Dear sister Blanche, it's you! Thank God!
But Blanche, completely beside himself, throws him a half-mad look, pushes him away and disappears.
Chaplain. What happened to sister Blanche?
Mother Mary. Have you seen her?
Chaplain. She seemed to me extremely excited. She ran away without saying a word to me.
Mother Mary is smiling.
Mother Mary. She is still rebelling like a child. But what does it matter! From now on, she has nowhere to go from the tender pity of Jesus Christ. "
The Notice of Mary is probably the main creation of Claudel. A drama about a medieval “simple” girl who, wanting to help her neighbor, entered upon the painful path of holiness:
“Where I am, there is patience, not grief.
But the grief of the world is huge.
It is too hard to suffer and not know why.
But what others do not know, I took over and I want you to know this with me.
Jacques, haven't we been apart for a long time? tolerate now and this obstacle between us? Will death separate us?
All that is to perish is only that which hurts, and all that does not perish is that which suffers.
Happy is the one who suffers and knows why! Now my task is fulfilled. ”
The Mystery of Mercy by Joan of Arc is without doubt a brilliant dramatic poem. The story of the youth of the Maid of Orleans (beloved Saint Peguy). An amazing book, which absorbed the very essence of Christianity, its main questions: the work of Christ and the continuous centuries-old suffering of Christian history, evil and holiness, the Church and the world, despair and hope:
"Oh my God! We would at least see out of your kingdom a corner of our eyes! We would even see a dawn of your kingdom out of the corner of our eyes! But nothing, absolutely nothing. You sent us your Son, whom you loved so much, and He came and suffered so much and died – and nothing, absolutely nothing. We would only see how your kingdom day is engaged! You sent your saints, each of whom you called by name – your other holy sons and holy daughters, and your saints came, your holy sons and holy daughters – nothing, absolutely nothing. Years have passed, so many years as not to count; centuries passed; Alas, fourteen centuries of Christianity from the time of his birth, death, and his preaching. And nothing, nothing, absolutely nothing. And in that which reigns on the earthly expanses, nothing, nothing, nothing but destruction. ”
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